Rhinoplasty Anatomy – Quick Lesson
Since rhinoplasty is such a popular cosmetic surgery, many people forget that the nose is actually an important organ that must be treated with great care during surgery. Dr. Furze encourages you to learn more about the nose’s anatomy prior to surgery. During rhinoplasty, alterations may be made to several structures of the nose. The structures that are most commonly manipulated include:
Cartilage is a type of connective tissue that is found throughout the human body. It is softer than bone, but firmer and less flexible that muscle. There are two main cartilage structures in the nose, referred to as the upper cartilage and lower cartilage. The upper cartilage is found just below the nasal bridge, while the lower cartilage defines the nasal tip. Either or both of these may be altered during rhinoplasty. To preserve the structural integrity of the nose, the surgeon must be careful when removing cartilage from the nose. In some cases, cartilage grafts may be created to provide additional support or structure within the nose.
Nasal bones define the overall structure of the nose while protecting the internal structures from trauma that could occur during everyday activities. During rhinoplasty, the bone that defines the nasal bridge is most commonly altered, particularly in patients who complain of a high nasal bridge or humped nose.
Nostrils are the two openings at the base of the nose. These may be altered during rhinoplasty to reduce their size or make them more symmetrical.
Skin is less commonly altered during rhinoplasty. It is primarily a concern when a patient presents with thick nasal skin, which can be thinned out during surgery by removing some of the fatty tissue found beneath the skin.